Liberal Arts Degrees and Arts & Humanities Careers: How to Work in Arts & Humanities

Become Team
Become Team
November 17, 2020

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艺术和人文领域的个人是影响整个美国商业的创意火花,从大型计算机和技术公司到小型设计工作室和服装精品店,都为它们提供了动力。艺术和人文学科的大学学位为学生提供了可以应用于任何职业或行业的关键技能,比如解决问题的能力、批判性思维和沟通能力。本指南详细介绍了艺术和人文学科的职业道路,以及就业预测和潜在收入,以帮助毕业生找到合适的职业。

Liberal Arts Degrees and Arts & Humanities Career Paths

Arts

Humanities

Other Liberal Arts Paths

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Nine two percent of today's undergraduate degree programs require students to undertake coursework that falls under the arts and humanities to give students a well-rounded education. As an isolated degree program, students can select from a diverse range of professional studies, with each major offering its own set of requirements and career paths. Below are examples of potential paths to pursue within the arts and humanities:

Journalism

Graduates ofjournalism degree在全国范围内,在纸媒、数字媒体或广播机构工作的57000名记者、记者和新闻分析师中,节目占据了他们的位置。广阔的职业领域让学生们做好准备,从在电视上报道当地新闻到在新闻周刊的外文部门工作。在线新闻的发展促进了博客作者、摄影师、艺术和音乐评论家以及自由撰稿人的职业发展。

Education requirements
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most employers prefer job applicants holding at least a bachelor's degree in journalism or digital communications. However, many journalists can enter the field with a related degree in political science or English along with a portfolio demonstrating their abilities.

Communications

传播专业在企业传播、广告和促销、新闻媒体和新闻组织等广泛领域开展工作。毕业生或四年制学位课程将对沟通领域和相关技能有基本的了解,并进行适当的培训。他们的工作包括播音员、印刷和数字编辑、技术作家、摄影师、记者、博客作者、公共关系经理或营销作家。

Education requirements
传播学的一般入门要求是学士学位。在某些情况下,求职者需要提交一份作品集(印刷品、音频、视频、多媒体卷),展示他们的经验和技能。For those going into management, earning a master's degree is advisable.

History

The “world is your oyster” when you earn a degree in history, according to the American Historical Association. History graduates are well-suited to traditional careers as historical research scholars or history teachers, however many pursue professions as legal analysts, foreign-service officers, foundation staffers, consultants, lobbyists, or information managers. History grads also find employment with think tanks, law firms, non-profit organizations, historic sites, secondary and post-secondary schools, and museum.

Education requirements
Graduates of bachelor's degree programs in history can gain entrance to the field with jobs in historical organizations and museums, according to the BLS, however the four-year degree can help them land jobs in legal, educational, and business organizations. To work as research or college historians, applicants are typically required to hold at least a master's degree or doctorate.

Film

The undergraduate study of film is a broad professional area that includes training for roles in writing, production, animation, multimedia, mass communications, cinematography, broadcast and gaming. Film and video editors work in the entertainment, broadcast, news, education and corporate communications fields. Directors work across film and digital media used in entertainment, marketing, advertising and broadcast productions. Writers work in pre-production, creating scripts used for entertainment, broadcasting, marketing, film and stage projects. Producers are the financial managers of the creative and technological support teams in pre- and post-production. Film schools also offer training in lighting, sound, electrical, set production, sound and music specialties.

Education requirements
A bachelor's degree is the common general requirement for entry level into many specialties within the film occupations. Production personnel may have specialties or degrees in finance. Animators and editors have technology-related specializations, while technical support staff (grips, lighting technicians, etc.) may earn certifications or training at career schools.

Music

There's a career for every type of musician and music lover. Graduates of undergraduate and graduate music degree programs work as film scorers, advertising jingle and game theme writers, classical or jazz composers, rock and rollers, music recorders and managers, music educators, performers, songwriters, and music therapists. The career outlook for college music teachers deserves special attention: job openings will increase by 19 percent from 2012 to 2022 (BLS), with the largest amount of openings at the two-year college level. Common job titles include copyist, transcriber, private instructor, sound designer, personal manager, vocalist, music publisher, film conductor or session musician.

Education requirements
Many performing musicians and composers are self-taught, but those working as classical performers, directors and vocalists are typically required to hold at least a bachelor's degree with a music-history and performance concentration. Those who pursue teaching careers will need at least an undergraduate degree in music and a teaching credential, while college-level music educators will need to complete a master's degree or doctorate.

Fashion Design

Fashion designers work in the fields of apparel, shoes and accessories, creating new products for major retailers, fashion boutiques, and direct-to-customer companies. They use a combination of professional skills to design the product and select the necessary fabrics and components for production. The BLS reports that America's 22,300 designers are self-employed professionals or work for clothing companies, wholesalers, garment manufacturers, fashion design firms, online retailers and catalog companies.

Education requirements
Some 300 postsecondary schools and colleges offer degree programs in fashion design. Most working designers hold bachelor's degrees in either fashion design or fashion merchandising. Degree programs offer detailed studies in computer-aided design technology, fabrics, templates, materials, design history and trends. Formal postsecondary programs allow students to build a portfolio of work to showcase to prospective employers.

Components of a Successful Arts and Humanities Career: Skills, Tools, and Technology

在2013年的一项研究中,商业咨询公司埃森哲(Accenture)发现,许多行业的雇主都希望求职者具备很强的领导力、沟通能力、人员管理和项目管理能力。此外,《福布斯》杂志报道称,如今的雇主正在寻找“具有广泛的知识基础,能够合作解决问题、辩论、沟通和批判性思考”的候选人。As a result of these needs, recruiters and employers are increasingly interested in arts and humanities graduates.

Take a look at some of the skills required to be successful in this field.

Skills

总体而言,艺术和人文学科毕业生的技能集中在书面/口头/视觉沟通、研究敏锐性、适应性、哲学思维和创造力。在单个职业中,技能变得更加专业化。艺术和人文学位项目通常教授的技能可以应用于各种方式,如设计、经济学、文学、外语、哲学、数学和历史。Here are some selected skills by professional orientation:

Tools and Technology

In today's digital, instant-communication culture, arts and humanities students must have a fundamental understanding of communications software and tools, including word processing applications, web browsers, email programs, instant messaging, and social media programs. In addition, students must also learn the specialized tools of their trades. Take a look at some examples:

CAD 2D and 3D software

  • Fashion designers
  • Visual artists

Filmmaking Software

  • Screenwriters
  • Storyboard artists
  • Directors
  • Producers

Animation and Rendering Software

  • Animators
  • Print and Digital Designers
  • Photographers

Arts and Humanities Salaries

Due to the varied nature of careers within the arts and humanities, salaries can be difficult to pinpoint. For instance, the difference between salaries for a top film director compared to the annual wages of a new graphic designer can be significant. Salary in this field depends heavily on the specific role, location, one's level of education, and previous experience.

PayScale.com ranks 2015-2016 top-paying arts and humanities into separate categories, with managerial roles drawing the highest wages. Arts jobs are grouped by visual creative skills, while humanities careers require prowess in written communication.

Arts

According to PayScale's 2015-2016 Best Jobs For Arts Majors by Salary Potential, these are the highest earning jobs listed by median annual wage:


$146,242

Vice President (VP), Creative Services


$100,915

Design Director, Advertising


$100,753

User Experience Manager


$98,141

Executive Producer (production management)


$71,907

Department Head, Film/Video Post-Production

Humanities

According to PayScale's 2015-2016 Best Jobs For Humanities Majors by Salary Potential, these are the highest earning jobs listed by median annual wage:


$139,740

Senior Marketing Director


$98,473

Sr. Manager, Corporate Communications


$81,777

Editorial Director


$67,587

Associate Director of Development


$87,381

Executive Editor (print/digital)

Arts and Humanities Job Growth, Prospects, and Outlook

美国劳工统计局(Bureau of Labor Statistics)报告称,艺术类和人文类毕业生的就业增长因专业而异,设计类毕业生在2012年至2022年期间预计将迎来最大的就业增长。Here are the growth rates for selected professions in the major:

Graphic Designers

Technical Writers

Art Directors

美国大学和雇主协会2015年就业展望预测,对拥有艺术和人文领域学士学位的申请人来说,最受欢迎的职业是传媒、广告、英语语言文学和历史。

Forbes Magazine has identified the top ten employers of Liberal Arts, Humanities, and Education graduates as:

  • The Walt Disney Company
  • The United Nations
  • U.S. Department of State
  • Google
  • Teach for America
  • The FBI
  • The Peace Corps
  • Apple
  • The National Security Agency
  • NBC Universal
  • Related Occupations & Salaries: What You Need to Know

    艺术和人文领域的薪资水平因申请人的教育水平、专业经验和专业技能而有很大差异。到职业生涯中期,一些艺术和人文专业人士的工资与STEM领域的人相当,尽管后者的工作需求更高。根据美国劳工统计局(Bureau of Labor Statistics)的数据,2014年人文社会科学专业毕业生的平均起薪为38049美元。

    Here's a glance at related career paths along with representative wages, job growth projections, and required educational credentials:

    Art Directors

    3%

    Salary

    $80,880

    Education and Training:

    Bachelor's degree or Master's in Fine Arts.

    Fashion Designers

    -3%

    Salary

    $62,860

    Education and Training:

    Bachelor's degree in design/merchandising

    Multimedia Artists/Game Designers

    6%

    Salary

    $61,370

    Education and Training:

    Associate/bachelor's degree. Software certifications.

    Industrial Designers

    4%

    Salary

    $59,610

    Education and Training:

    Bachelor's degree design, CAD skills.

    Interior Designers

    13%

    Salary

    $47,600

    Education and Training:

    Bachelor's degree, CAD skills.

    Archivists, Curators, and Museum Workers

    11%

    Salary

    $44,410

    Education and Training:

    Master's degree in art, art history or related field.

    Graphic Designers

    7%

    Salary

    $44,150

    Education and Training:

    Bachelor's degree, optional certification.

    Desktop Publishers

    -5%

    Salary

    $37,040

    Education and Training:

    Associate's degree, software training.

    Photographers

    4%

    Salary

    $30,000

    Education and Training:

    Some post-secondary education required.

    Source:Bureau of Labor Statistics

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