Grad’s Guide to Getting Hired

Become Team
Become Team
July 21, 2022
Grad’s Guide to Getting Hired

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Meet the Experts
Meet the Experts
15年来,Kristine Kero, MS,作为职业顾问和培训专家,为所有专业和职业提供服务。在西雅图城市大学(City University of Seattle),她提供个人职业咨询服务,并教授专业求职、简历撰写和面试的研讨会。凯罗拥有咨询理学硕士学位,擅长职业咨询、职业评估、职业转型培训和再就业。她曾与银行、零售、航空、非营利和航空航天行业的专业人士合作,自1990年以来一直是Puget Sound职业发展协会的成员,担任总裁和董事会成员。

For college seniors, the pressure to find a job rises as graduation nears. Will there be jobs available in their fields, and will they pay enough? Those who wait for the end of their graduation ceremony to prepare for the job hunt may already find themselves falling behind in the search for opportunities. This guide will assist students in building job search resources, developing a solid network, and deploying an effective search strategy that will land interviews and, most importantly, their first job out of school.

Graduates Getting Hired

Michigan State University researchers report that American and global companies expect to recruit 16 percent more college graduates from the Class of 2015 than they did during the previous year. However, competition will remain stiff, as twice the number of potential candidates will be rounded up by recruiters for each opening. More than half new hires will enjoy sign-on bonuses, according to The National Association of Colleges and Employers.

Pre-Graduation Preparation

把找工作看作是为实现职业目标而进行的一场持续的运动。它开始于大学毕业之前,并持续整个工作生涯。每当一位专业人士寻求晋升、横向调动到更好的工作,或全新的职业生涯时,他们都会再次回到竞选活动中。大多数成功的求职都有这样一个共同点:求职者准备充分,坚持不懈。

在毕业前,学生应该采取以下措施为雇主建立一个有效的一揽子计划,包括专业的简历、工作网络、推荐信、在线展示和技能组合。

Let's examine these absolute necessities one-by-one:

Step 1
Write the Resume
Students will discover plenty of solid examples of effective resumes online and at their college career office. College advisers are there to help students create and revise resumes, and this resource should be tapped into. The resume should be targeted for each prospective employer based on the actual job description. For students with little or no job experience, it can help to include the following: [columns columns="1"]
goals
  • Statement of career goals

    Create a master statement of career goals that relate to the position for which you're applying.

  • key_skill
  • Highlight key skills

    列出一份与工作场所和当前职位相关的技能清单。列出软件能力,研究专长,社交媒体能力和程序,以及外语。

  • eucation
  • 强调教育的成就。

    If students have no career-related experience, they can cite their education, academic accomplishments and grade-point average (if it's a high score, of course).

  • career
  • Highlight career-related activities

    Include practical experience, internships, volunteering, professional or student associations, leadership positions, travel abroad or military service.

  • OurResume Guidecan help you craft an up-to-date, professional resume that will help you land interviews.

    Step 2
    Establish a Search Network
    Once the student has a working resume, they should create accounts with major online job search or recruiting sites. Examples include Monster, LinkedIn, Indeed, Career Builder, Simply Hired, College Recruiter, Dice, Glassdoor and LinkUp. There are hundreds of job search options when you consider the niche sites for employment in healthcare, technology, government jobs, media, business, marketing and more. Consider uploading or creating a well-focused resume to one or more of these sites. At the same time, students should create a master list of prospective companies with an eye toward creating and uploading a resume tailored to the employer on their job sites.
    Step 3
    Round up References
    Right after graduation day, college faculty members tend to leave for vacations – it's now too late to secure reference letters in time for that first round of job interviews. One convenient way to gather support is to invite former professors, co-workers, or college associates to visit your LinkedIn account and post a reference there. Not all references may be glowing, so it's good to round up more than you plan to use. Remember to include people from volunteer organizations, prior jobs, civic or religious groups, and business associations, and ask for details in their recommendations that speak directly to your skills, strengths and accomplishments. Employers may not request references at the first screening interview, but it's vital to have them on-hand when asked.
    Step 4
    Assemble Support Materials
    At the first interview, it's smart to come prepared with supporting documents in tow. That fresh copies of the resume, a references list, sample URLs and updated contact information. Many grads create business cards with contact information for potential employers and networking. For more expert tips and tricks on acing the interview, visit our面试注意事项指南
    Step 5
    Create a Portfolio
    For those graduating with degrees in visual mediums, sales or technical positions, a portfolio is a must. Instead of listing out your certifications or accomplishments in your resume, which may lengthen it too much, gather examples of your work or special certifications you've earned into a separate professional binder that you can bring along to an interview. Alphabetize documents, and keep everything in see-through, protective sleeves. This will allow you to showcase your accomplishments apart from your resume, and is a great way to segue into talking about them during the interview itself.
    Step 6
    Dress the Part
    在面试和生活中,第一印象很重要。Crystal Stamps, fashion merchandising student and creator of the successfulFabMommyBlog,提供了一些技巧和技巧来完善面试着装的艺术。
    forwomen

    Outfit suggestionsfor women

    • Button down white collared shirt or blouse
    • Long slacks or knee-length pencil skirt
    • Kitten Heels
    • Understated and classic accessories
    forman

    Outfit suggestionsfor men

    • Button down long sleeve shirt or sweater
    • Slacks
    • Dress shoes
    • Black dress socks
    • Optional tie
    • Watch

    What NOT to wear:

    • Short skirts
    • Capri pants
    • Jeans
    • Tops that expose your breasts
    • Midriff exposed shirt
    • Sneakers
    • Heels that are sky high
    • Short sleeves (for men)
    • Sandals
    • Shorts
    • Graphic tee shirts

    Just remember

    if it wouldn't be appropriate to wear to a wedding or to church, it's not appropriate for a job interview. If you would wear something to the club on a Friday night, it probably won't be the outfit that will land you that job.

    Q&A

    面试最成功的着装是什么?

    Dress the way that you want people to perceive you. For women, if you can't bend down or sit without exposing yourself, then don't wear that outfit. For men, it's important to remember that grooming counts. Make sure that you are clean-shaven, or at least trim up any wild facial hair.

    你会根据公司的情况调查穿什么衣服吗?

    You should research the culture and the description of your job in order to see what type of environment the company is portraying. However, even if you're applying for a job where people wear jeans on a regular basis, you shouldn't show up to the interview in jeans. This could make you seem unprofessional and could communicate that you're not serious about the job.

    只要记住:如果它不适合穿去参加婚礼或教堂,那么它也不适合去面试。

    头发长度或胡须对男性来说是个问题吗?

    Yes, facial hair is an issue if it's not well groomed. Many jobs won't allow facial hair. If you're not planning on shaving or cutting it off, grooming it is a must. Don't walk into an interview looking like a member of Duck Dynasty and think that an employer will want you to represent them. If you have long hair – even if you're going to interview for a surf shop – pony-tail it up. This gives a quick professional look and helps the employer focus on your whole appearance.

    Should women wear jewelry and/or perfume?

    When it comes to accessories, just remember that less is more. A pair of earrings, necklace and a watch is just right. You don't have to have an accessory on every part of your body. I would not wear perfume or any fragrance, even lotion. Many people are sensitive to smells and even though an employer might not hold this against you, it's just thoughtful on this particular day to leave it out.

    Beginning the Job Search

    Once the key elements are assembled, the search can begins in earnest. Remember that job listing sites for executive level positions can be a waste of time, and search by using the main job boards on your search network that offer entry- and mid-level listings. Also search niche listings in matching career fields.

    Establish a plan of attack and follow it

    • Look for work every day; this is your campaign. Set hours and attend to them.
    • 保持记录。使用电子表格或文字处理模板来标识每个开口和申请的时间,包括相关的url。识别并收集公司内外招聘人员的电子邮件地址可以扩大你的人际网络。绘制联系人图表,并跟进所有与他们的沟通。创建提醒,如果需要联系招聘人员或雇主在某个时间。
    • Establish key-word alerts from job boards. It's a great way to have potential openings sent directly to your email, ferreting out unrelated listings.
    • 参加招聘会、招聘研讨会和人们喜欢握手的实时会议。
    • 通过阅读报纸、行业杂志和专业组织来进一步拓宽消息来源,这些组织定期发布该领域的空缺职位。
    • 别忘了利用其他资源,比如招聘人员、在线公告栏、临时机构和工会。

    利用你的职业中心。学校里、校外和网上都有职业中心,为那些寻求帮助的人提供丰富的知识、机会和专家帮助。To learn how to best leverage what your local career center can offer, visit ourCareer Centers Guide

    Top 10 Mistakes Grads Make when Job Searching

    1. 依赖于清单的单一来源。
      Using only one job site or relying solely upon on internet-based job sites as resources for openings severely limit your range.
    2. 投递简历和求职信。
      虽然大多数大公司都是通过浏览简历来寻找关键词,但最终还是由人来做决定。为目标职位或公司量身定制简历会增加成功的几率。
    3. Considering the college career office a waste of time.
      Too many students miss out on the networking, resume building and interview preparation offered by college mentors and career counselors.
    4. Not researching the company to which they're applying.
      Using a scattershot method of blasting all companies with related openings is a waste of time. Worse, without due diligence you'll look terrible at the interview when you know so little about the prospective employer.
    5. 只是嘴上说说而已。
      像LinkedIn这样的网站可以为你在公司找到一张友好的面孔。现有员工的推荐和介绍可以为招聘提供决定性的优势。
    6. 在你的交流中创造糟糕的品牌。
      Sending emails with no signature or an unprofessional one can be show stoppers. Learn job communications etiquette. Be friendly but formal, avoid overly colloquial remarks and above all, use no emojis or chat speak.
    7. Failing to clean up your online presence.
      Posting links and career related comments in social media can boost your profile. On the other hand, thinking that antagonistic, off-key, profane or questionable language and content in a blog won't be found by employers is a grave mistake. LinkedIn and Google searches are also part of a background search.
    8. 透过狭窄的镜头看。
      Deciding there is only one perfect employer, one career sector, a single geographical location, one acceptable starting salary, or one job title that's worthy will do you no favors in the long run. Standards are good to have, but flexibility is important, too.
    9. Appling shotgun style for unrelated jobs without real interest.
      Whether it's out of desperation or boredom, it can be a total waste of time to send out resumes, cover letters and applications for a job you'd never take. If you want practice interviewing, practice with employers for jobs you'd accept, scheduling "informational" interviews to gather details about the company.
    10. 开始的太晚了。
      Networking for your first job begins on the first day of college. Students often miss opportunities to join career-related organizations and clubs, speak with visiting professionals, attend off-campus professional meetings and presentations, take internships or volunteer for related business and civic groups.

    Career Resources for the Recent Grad

    对于刚刚毕业并开始找工作的大学毕业生来说,网上有大量的机会。从求职网站,到社交网络,再到技巧和技巧,这里有一些最好的资源,所有应届毕业生在寻找他们毕业后的第一份工作时都应该去看看。

    Job Seeking & Career Help Sites

    Career Resources for the Recent Grad

    对于刚刚毕业并开始找工作的大学毕业生来说,网上有大量的机会。从求职网站,到社交网络,再到技巧和技巧,这里有一些最好的资源,所有应届毕业生在寻找他们毕业后的第一份工作时都应该去看看。
    Job Seeking & Career Help Sites

    AfterCollege

    A networking and job search site specifically for recent college graduates, AfterCollege allows users to create a profile that will put them in contact with more than 25,000 potential employers, and to search from the 400,000-plus jobs listed on the site.

    College Recruiter

    With over 100,000 entry-level jobs and internships available, College recruiter is often considered the number one destination on the web for recent grads looking for their first gig. The site also features an Ask the Experts section, and 30,000 career-related articles.

    USA Jobs

    对于那些有兴趣在联邦政府层面寻找工作的人,USA jobs提供了一个特殊的应届毕业生计划,在该计划中应届毕业生可以搜索和申请一些政府工作和实习。

    怪物学院。

    A sub-site of the popular Monster.com, Monster College is geared specifically to recent grads looking to network, get advice and find jobs.

    CollegeGrad.

    CollegeGrad旨在为应届毕业生提供他们找到合适工作所需的一切,包括建议、求职和简历/面试帮助。

    Experience

    With more than 5 million members nation-wide, Experience connects graduates with alumni networks and potential employers – 130,000 of which have used the site to recruit talent.

    iHipo

    The leading international careers site for recent college graduates, iHipo allows users to search for internships, graduate programs and careers abroad, and offers a wealth of resources and advice on topics like CVs, internships and cover letter writing.

    CareerRookie

    A division of CareerBuilder, CareerRookie is an entry-level jobs database aiming to connect students and recent grads with internships, part-time work and entry-level positions.

    SimplyHired.

    SimplyHired是在线求职资源中排名第一的网站,它允许用户过滤带有“新毕业生工作”状态的工作,帮助用户将他们与所在领域的初级职位联系起来。

    Alumni Central.

    Part of the College Central Network, Alumni Central boasts over 500,000 entry-level job openings for the new college grad.
    Additional Advice & Resources The 3 Secrets of Highly Successful Graduates, by Reid Hoffman, cofounder of LinkedIn Unconventional Career Advice for College Graduates Dan Schawbel's 10 Best Pieces of Career Advice for College Graduates

    Networking and the Job Search

    根据加州大学圣巴巴拉分校职业服务中心的数据,50%到75%的新员工来自于朋友和前同事。今天的网络通过许多论坛进行,从面对面到电子邮件再到社交网站。学生可以通过朋友、家人、前任和现任雇主或教授找到建立关系网的机会;在大学校友会、专业组织、学生协会或公民活动和联谊会;通过当地商会、希腊组织、志愿者团体和教堂。

    The "Elevator Pitch"

    To effectively network in person, students need to build an elevator pitch: a thoroughly rehearsed 30-second speech about career goals or current job objectives. In building a pitch, students should concentrate on their skill sets and assets, using direct and appropriate language while avoiding coming across as gimmicky.

    Online Networking

    In its 2014 Social Recruiting Strategy, recruiting software maker Jobvite found that 78 percent of recruiters use social job networking resources for finding candidates, and almost two-thirds plan to increase their use of social networking. The survey also found that those using social networks relied on LinkedIn 94 percent of the time, with Facebook and Twitter at 66 percent and 52 percent respectively. In the same study, Jobvite found that 93 percent of recruiters will review a candidate's social profile before making a hire.

    Linking In

    截至2015年,社交网络和职业巨头LinkedIn拥有超过3.64亿用户。Jobvite报道称,招聘人员会通过LinkedIn上的个人资料来评估求职者的专业经验、工作年限以及与职位空缺相关的硬技能。学生应该充分利用网站提供的一切,包括定期参加小组和讨论,并在自己的页面上发布有价值的内容。会员可以——也应该——根据他们的领域和兴趣加入LinkedIn内的大量社区。See ourLinkedIn Guidefor expert information on how to optimize your profile for maximum return during the job search.

    The Importance of Mentoring

    导师通常是你所在领域的成功人士或相关专家,他们了解职业前景并拥有相当大的人脉。许多公司的顶级ceo都对他们从导师那里得到的支持和指导表示感谢,世界上许多最伟大的代码作家、运动员、诗人、作曲家、医生和思想家也是如此。

    Students and grads will likely find their first mentors on the faculty of their schools. As they grow in their careers, grads will find qualified mentors in their industry as their employers and challenges change. To best succeed, a mentee should be willing to receive objective criticism and suggestions for building skills, negotiating changes at work, or how to shift to meet evolving goals. Key attributes to look for in a mentor is demonstrable success, strong professional ethics and availability.

    Networking in the Real World

    Though reliance on digital mediums when job seeking and networking is now the new norm, it remains important to foster offline, “real” world networking as well. One of the best ways that students can do this is to join their school's alumni network, which will not only connect them with years and years worth of previous alumni, but will often also host regular mixers and meetups, facilitating these all important face-to-face meetings.

    根据他们所选择的职业领域,学生也应该关注当地的专业组织。这些组织定期举行会议,提供当地就业机会的信息,并帮助毕业生与所在领域的当地领导取得联系。

    Expert Advice from a Career Counselor

    学院或大学的职业咨询或就业安置办公室是开始找工作的最好地方。许多公司提供一系列服务,包括职业建议、工作见习、招聘会、实习和志愿者名单、简历和求职信协助、校友网络资源和研讨会。Kristine Kero,硕士,分享了找工作的关键建议。

    Interview

    15年来,Kristine Kero, MS,作为职业顾问和培训专家,为所有专业和职业提供服务。在西雅图城市大学(City University of Seattle),她提供个人职业咨询服务,并教授专业求职、简历撰写和面试的研讨会。凯罗拥有咨询理学硕士学位,擅长职业咨询、职业评估、职业转型培训和再就业。她曾与银行、零售、航空、非营利和航空航天行业的专业人士合作,自1990年以来一直是Puget Sound职业发展协会的成员,担任总裁和董事会成员。

    What are the key misconceptions students have regarding their first career job search?

    一些学生可能对如何找工作有误解。作为一名职业顾问,我强调管理你的专业求职的重要性,就像它是一个商业项目一样,以便在跟踪行业、公司和工作的研究时保持专注和有条理。学生们也应该利用他们的大学就业中心,与职业顾问见面,谈谈他们对什么感兴趣,他们想做什么,以及如何成功地找到工作。

    How do you respond to student statements like "it's useless, there are no jobs out there?"

    Sometimes during the job search it might feel this way, but there are always jobs out there. New graduates should create LinkedIn profiles and keep them up-to-date so they're accessible to recruiters. Profiles should show the types of jobs students are looking for, any related coursework, projects, internships and work experience, along with community volunteering and sports activities, which can demonstrate team involvement.

    学生如何利用他们现有的资源来建立证书?

    Students can always list extracurricular activities on their resumes. Relevant coursework shows some applicable knowledge, and volunteer projects and sports activities can demonstrate experience working on teams and collaborating. Students with questions about how to build credentials should attend a resume workshop and work with a career counselor.

    What should students do if they're in a career with few openings or
    highly competitive openings?

    There are always job openings, even in highly competitive fields. Doing a professional job search and networking can make a huge difference for some students. It's always a good idea to connect with a professional association in your field to meet people and employers, network and learn about job opportunities. Students should also talk with family, friends, neighbors, advisers and instructors about what job they're looking for. You never know where the lead to your new job will come from.

    What are the most-common mistakes graduating students make when searching,
    applying and interviewing?

    I tell students to go through a job search checklist; not going through this is a mistake:

    • Go to your college career center; meet with a career counselor to talk about what you want to do and what interests you, and learn about how to conduct a successful job search.
    • 参加所有职业中心的研讨会。
    • Research the types of industries, companies and jobs that fit your education courses, projects, experiences and interests.O*Net Onlineis a good resource
    • 看看大学就业中心的招聘启事。
    • Learn how to create professional resumes and cover letters.
    • 学习如何面试,和职业顾问一起进行模拟面试。
    • 建立人脉,和别人谈论你的资历和兴趣。
    • 参加校园校友和雇主举办的职业活动。
    • Find local career fairs.National Career Fairscan help you find them.

    Final Steps in your Job Search

    Bloomberg Business News optimistically reports that the American workforce is rebounding. Unemployment of grads aged 22 to 27 dropped in 2013 to 5.6 percent, compared to a rate of 6.4 percent in 2009. Three key things grads to do while waiting for job offers to come in? Network, network, and network.

    The Art of the Follow Up

    在面试快结束的时候,你可以问一下这个职位的时间表。面试结束后,应试者应该用和简历相同抬头的信纸写一封信,感谢每一位单独参加面试的人给你的机会,重申你对该职位的兴趣;一张感谢卡也很有效。把感谢信作为一个机会来讨论面试中的一个亮点,或者你对这个职位和公司的了解。

    There is no need to check back every day, or even every week. Often, employers will only notify finalists or new hires, but needling them for info or to make a decision won't work. Employers don't hire based on persistence; they hire based on qualifications and interviews. Above all, burn no bridges. The employer may have additional opportunities in the future, or the hiring manager may have networking relationships with other recruiters.

    A Word about Persistence

    Persistence doesn't mean pounding the prospective employer with emails and phone calls. Persistence means staying in the job-search chair, updating networks, searching job boards, or freshening up resumes to target a new opening. Perseverance pays off handsomely where panic fails miserably.

    “Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent. The slogan "press on" has solved and will always solve the problems of the human race.”

    Calvin Coolidge

    Become Team
    Become Team
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