How to Become a Professor

Become Team
Become Team
February 17, 2022

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Five Steps to Becoming a Professor

Step 1
Earn an undergraduate degree
成为教授的道路从学士学位开始。这是进入研究生院的先决条件。一个学生可能在大学的第一天就知道他们想要专攻的学科,也可能在以后才会发现。
Step 2
Choose a subject to specialize in
想成为教授的人必须选择一个学科来教授,并开始获得该领域的专业知识,通常是通过在攻读本科学位的同时学习该学科,但并非总是如此。除了参加特定学科领域的课程外,在本科期间参加实习项目也可以帮助未来的教授发展他们的知识和技能。
Step 3
Earn a graduate degree
Hopeful professors must continue their education with a graduate degree. Generally, those who want to work as professors at community colleges are required to earn a master's degree, while those who want to teach at four-year colleges and universities should earn a doctorate. However, when there are a lot of job candidates to choose from, community colleges may also favor those who have earned a doctoral degree.
Step 4
Participate in an assistantship
During their graduate years, students who want to become professors should participate in an assistantship program at their school, which is a kind of financial aid that allows students to get full or partial tuition remission and a stipend as they gain work experience under the supervision of a professor. In some cases, students may also be able to earn graduate credit hours toward their degree when they participate in an assistantship.
There are different kinds of assistantships available, depending on the students' academic department. Research assistantships allow students to perform certain duties, such as collecting, documenting, and analyzing research data. Those in teaching assistantships participate in instructional activities that may include grading tests and assignments, meeting with students during office hours, and giving class lectures. Those in an administrative assistantship work with the staff of an academic department and perform duties such as providing academic advising and career counseling to students, giving presentations, and evaluating programs in the department.
无论学生参加哪种类型的奖学金,他们都需要每周工作一定的时间,并保持最低GPA。
Step 5
Get post-doctoral experience
为了成功地竞争教授职位,人们应该获得博士后工作经验。这使得那些完成博士学位的人可以进行原始研究,并开始收集发表在学术期刊上的研究目录。
Post-doctoral jobs are generally positions at a college or university that last two or three years. Those who want to teach in scientific disciplines, such as biological science, chemistry, and physics, may be expected to have this type of experience in order to land a position.

Do I need work experience in the area I want to teach in?

一些大学不仅想要有学术经验的教授,他们也想要那些在他们的专业领域有实践经验的教授。这意味着未来的教育者应该在他们想教的领域有工作经历。例如,想要教授法律、健康专业、艺术和教育的教授通常被期望将一些真实的经验带到课堂上。

我需要执照才能成为教授吗?

Professors who work with students who have to earn a license in order to get employment—such as nurses orteachers—should also hold the same license. The license requirements depend on what field the professor specializes in and the state where they work.

Should I join a professional organization?

Professional organizations are a great way for professors to network with each other, get to know potential employers, and stay abreast of developments in their subject matter area. Some professional associations they can join include the American Association of University Professors, the National Education Association, the American Association of Adjunct Education, the Academy for Academic Leadership, and the American College Personnel Association.

Professor Salary & Job Growth

According to theU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics在美国,2017年5月教授的年薪中位数为7.6万美元,底层10%的教授年薪约为3.9万美元,顶层10%的教授年薪为17.0160美元。影响教授收入的因素有几个,包括他们工作的机构类型。例如,私立学院和大学教授的平均收入为77,170美元,而公立学校教授的平均收入为79,340美元。此外,在当地初级学院工作的教授的收入中位数为76890美元,在州立初级学院工作的教师的收入中位数为56030美元。

此外,该机构报告称,教授教授的学科可能会影响他们的收入潜力。以下是一些不同学科教育工作者年收入中位数的例子。

Alabama

Currently Employed:3,370

Change in Employment (2016-2026):5%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $29,640 Learn More

Alaska

Currently Employed:290

Change in Employment (2016-2026):1%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $79,300 Learn More

Arizona

Currently Employed:1,780

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $74,210 Learn More

Arkansas

Currently Employed:790

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $56,410 Learn More

California

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):10%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Colorado

Currently Employed:440

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $63,650 Learn More

Connecticut

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):1%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Delaware

Currently Employed:50

Change in Employment (2016-2026):9%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $66,000 Learn More

Florida

Currently Employed:14,970

Change in Employment (2016-2026):16%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $60,300 Learn More

Georgia

Currently Employed:5,540

Change in Employment (2016-2026):15%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $80,260 Learn More

Hawaii

Currently Employed:500

Change in Employment (2016-2026):8%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $53,710 Learn More

Idaho

Currently Employed:230

Change in Employment (2016-2026):12%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $66,550 Learn More

Illinois

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):5%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Indiana

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):9%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Iowa

Currently Employed:2,470

Change in Employment (2016-2026):9%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $68,900 Learn More

Kansas

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):7%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Kentucky

Currently Employed:1,330

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $57,580 Learn More

Louisiana

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):10%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Maine

Currently Employed:460

Change in Employment (2016-2026):-2%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $58,400 Learn More

Maryland

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):7%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Massachusetts

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):13%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Michigan

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Minnesota

Currently Employed:580

Change in Employment (2016-2026):12%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $57,280 Learn More

Mississippi

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):11%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Missouri

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):8%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

Montana

Currently Employed:80

Change in Employment (2016-2026):5%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $53,640 Learn More

Nebraska

Currently Employed:2,550

Change in Employment (2016-2026):7%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $55,460 Learn More

Nevada

Currently Employed:920

Change in Employment (2016-2026):16%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $57,000 Learn More

New Hampshire

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):4%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

New Jersey

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):6%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

New Mexico

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):7%

Amount:Mean wage annual: N/A Learn More

New York

Currently Employed:6,150

Change in Employment (2016-2026):14%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $103,910 Learn More

North Carolina

Currently Employed:4,890

Change in Employment (2016-2026):10%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $76,890 Learn More

North Dakota

Currently Employed:610

Change in Employment (2016-2026):8%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $70,030 Learn More

Ohio

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):13%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

Oklahoma

Currently Employed:1,540

Change in Employment (2016-2026):8%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $71,530 Learn More

Oregon

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

Pennsylvania

Currently Employed:3,640

Change in Employment (2016-2026):8%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $71,080 Learn More

Rhode Island

Currently Employed:450

Change in Employment (2016-2026):5%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $88,370 Learn More

South Carolina

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

South Dakota

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

Tennessee

Currently Employed:1,690

Change in Employment (2016-2026):12%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $53,720 Learn More

Texas

Currently Employed:3,200

Change in Employment (2016-2026):N/A

Amount:Mean wage annual: $63,120 Learn More

Utah

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):34%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

Vermont

Currently Employed:210

Change in Employment (2016-2026):-1%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $72,650 Learn More

Virginia

Currently Employed:N/A

Change in Employment (2016-2026):14%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $ Learn More

Washington

Currently Employed:1,020

Change in Employment (2016-2026):19%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $72,180 Learn More

West Virginia

Currently Employed:150

Change in Employment (2016-2026):10%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $56,460 Learn More

Wisconsin

Currently Employed:3,300

Change in Employment (2016-2026):6%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $70,450 Learn More

Wyoming

Currently Employed:430

Change in Employment (2016-2026):4%

Amount:Mean wage annual: $53,310 Learn More

The job outlook for professors is bright. Projections from theU.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics声明在2016年到2026年之间,教授的增长将是15%,比所有其他职业的平均增长速度都要快。教授职位激增的原因可以归结为在未来几年寻求高等教育的学生预计会增加。

These projections come with a few caveats, however. It's important to consider that many of these positions will be for part-time instructors, rather than full-time tenured professors. In addition, available jobs at public colleges and universities will be closely tied to state budgets. Also, different academic disciplines will see different rates of growth.

Finding a Postsecondary Teaching Program

Those preparing to become professors must enroll in strong education programs themselves. This section includes information on the programs that prepare hopeful postsecondary teachers for their career.

Choosing the right school is one of the most important decisions a future postsecondary school teacher will ever make. Students are weighing their options based on tuition cost, the length of the program, and the licenses and certifications they can earn as they complete their studies. Use the following search tool to compare programs.

Higher Education Associations & Groups

Joining higher education associations and groups can help future and current professors expand their networks and get information about the latest research in the field. The following are some examples of the organizations professors can join to enhance their careers.

Resources for Professors

In order to be successful in an education career, professionals must have strong learning skills. The following are some resources that professors can use to get the latest information about their field.

Become Team
Become Team
Contributing Writer

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LearnHowToBecome.com is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.

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