How to Become a Forensic Psychologist

LearnHowToBecome Team
Staff Writer
February 16, 2022

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Forensic psychologists help solve criminal cases by studying suspects and evidence to determine a motive. They work with an investigation team and often testify in court cases.

According to theBureau of Labor Statistics(BLS), forensic psychologists must complete a doctorate before practicing. These professionals can work in prisons or government agencies. Some forensic psychologists open their own private practice or consulting agencies. Others conduct research on how to prevent crimes caused by mental health issues.

Forensic psychologists must have a strong understanding of both psychology and forensic science. This job requires strong communication and strategic thinking skills, as these professionals must conduct interviews and analyze answers and body language.

继续读下去,了解如何成为一名法医心理学家,期望的薪水,以及在这一过程中可以提供帮助的专业组织。

What Does a Forensic Psychologist Do?

Career Basics

Forensic psychologists perform many tasks, so no two days on the job look exactly the same. They work primarily in the office, in the courtroom, and at crime scenes. While these professionals conduct many interviews in an office setting, they often need to meet individuals offsite for interviews.

Forensic psychologists must work well in a group setting. They collaborate with detectives, police officers, and forensic scientists to provide their expert opinion on the possible motive or mental illness that contributed to the criminal action.

Forensic Psychologist Salary and Job Growth

The BLS reports thatpsychologistsearned a median annual salary of $80,370 in 2019 with a projected job growth rate of 14% between 2018 and 2028.

However, several factors, including experience, influence salary potential for these professionals. According to PayScale,forensic psychologistswith under one year of experience earn an average annual salary of $51,400. Forensic psychologists with more than 20 years of experience earn an average annual salary of $92,110.

Geographical location and specific employers also impact salary. Private practice forensic psychologists who work in coastal cities may charge higher rates than counterparts who work in areas with lower costs of living, like rural towns in the Midwest.

在政府部门工作的专业人士通常比私人执业的心理学家有更稳定的收入,这可能会导致更高的薪水。

State

Four Steps to Becoming a Forensic Psychologist

发展法医心理学职业需要时间,但通过努力和计划,任何投入的专业人士都可以成功地在这个领域获得一份工作。

以下是成为法医心理学家的四个步骤。

Step 1
Complete a Degree
Students who want to enter this field must earn a bachelor's and master's degree before pursuing a doctorate. Some master's programs accept students with different educational backgrounds. However, most doctoral programs only accept candidates with related master's degrees.
On average, it takes four years to complete a bachelor's degree, two years to complete a master's degree, and four years to complete a doctorate.
Step 2
Earn State Licensure
每个州都要求法医心理学家获得执照。TheAssociation of State and Provincial Psychology Boardprovides information on each state's licensure requirements. Most states require a doctorate in psychology, supervised hours, and an exam.
除了执照,法医心理学家还可以获得专业证书。TheAmerican Board of Professional Psychology颁发法医心理学证书。
Step 3
Find a Forensic Psychologist Position
在获得博士学位和执照后,法医心理学家可以开始申请工作。毕业生通常在公司或组织开始职业生涯,他们完成了监督时间或实习。
Some graduates may choose to start their own forensic psychology firm. However, these professionals typically work for an established organization for a few years before doing so.
Step 4
Maintain Licensure
每个州对法医心理学认证都有自己的维护要求。随着新的研究发现,这一领域的最佳实践经常发生变化。因此,要更新他们的执照,大多数法医心理学家必须完成继续教育。
Many professional organizations offer free continuing education courses to members, although some courses require a fee. These courses often take place online, but some states may require a certain number of in-person hours.

Preparing to Become a Forensic Psychologist: Schools and Programs

Selecting the right forensic psychology program takes time and research. Above all, students should ensure their chosen program is accredited before enrolling.

Prospective students should also consider cost. State schools generally cost less than private colleges or universities. Enrolling in an online program can also save students money on room and board, transportation, and moving fees.

Students who want to complete their program quickly or maintain a full-time job during their studies should consider the program's format. Accelerated programs usually require full-time enrollment, but students can enter the workforce sooner. Working professionals can pursue self-paced or part-time programs.

Online programs also vary in format. Asynchronous programs require that students watch recorded lectures and complete assignments on their own schedules before a deadline. Synchronous online programs require scheduled class meeting times.

Courses in Forensic Psychology Programs

During forensic psychology programs, students learn about research methods, ethics, theories, and best practices in the field. Certain schools offer specializations and concentrations.

See below for five common forensic psychology courses. Keep in mind that not every program may offer these courses, and many schools offer these courses with different titles.

Introduction to Forensic Psychology

大多数课程都提供一门基础课程,对法医心理学基础知识进行高级概述。在本课程中,学生将讨论涉及法医心理学的重大法律案件。This course also requires ethical case study reviews.

Psychology of Child Abuse

In this course, students learn about the mental disorders that influence the actions of child abuse and exploitation. This course also covers common themes that emerge during a child abuse investigation. Learners must research the laws surrounding child abuse and read court case summaries.

Laws and Ethics in Forensic Psychology

This course teaches students about the laws and ethics that govern forensic psychology. Students discuss cases that have influenced the creation of laws and discover ways to stay current on changing laws during their careers. This course also requires learners to read case studies and discuss the ethics involved.

Psychology Theory

This course covers the history of common psychology theories that guide the practice today. Students discuss each theory and critique its validity based on research.

Forensic Psychology Research

本课程涵盖了法医心理学研究的最佳实践。学生复习科学理论并选择一个研究课题进行测试。课程的其余部分包括设计和实施一个研究项目。然后学习者分析他们的数据,得出结论。

Accreditation for a Forensic Psychology Program

Prospective students should research accreditation before enrolling in a program. When a school earns accreditation, it periodically receives quality assessments from a third-party organization that the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation approve.

学校可以获得两种类型的认证:地区和国家。雇主和其他教育机构往往认为地区认证学校的学位比国家认证机构的学位更有声望。

When a school earns regional accreditation, it receives this accolade from an accrediting agency that only reviews schools in a particular region. Some scholarships reserve funds specifically for students studying at a regionally accredited school.

Programs can also earn accreditation. TheAmerican Psychological Association Commission on Accreditationis the top accrediting agency for forensic psychology degrees.

Prospective students can research a school or program's accreditation status using theED's database.

Forensic Psychology Specialties

Forensic psychology is a broad field. As such, many programs often offer concentrations that position students to earn specialized jobs.

For example, learners who want to work primarily as an expert witness in the courtroom can pursue a specialization in trials. Students who want to work at crime scenes can specialize in investigative forensic psychology.

另一种常见的专门化是儿童虐待心理学。专注于此的学习者了解到影响这些犯罪行为的精神障碍,以及这些经历可能对幸存者产生的心理影响。

Aspiring forensic psychologists who want to conduct research can earn a doctorate with a specialization in research. Most doctoral programs use a research-based format and require that students complete a dissertation.

Components of a Successful Forensic Psychology Career: Skills, Credentials, Tools, and Technology

Forensic psychologists need a certain skill set. Detail-oriented critical thinkers often thrive in this career. Forensic psychology courses also teach students hard skills that can help them succeed, like research methods, data collection practices, and how to preserve investigation scenes.

为了将自己定位为理想的求职者,学生们应该在该领域寻求实习和志愿者机会。雇主通常希望学生在学习期间完成现实生活经验。

Creating a portfolio or a detailed resume with recommendation letters can also help students earn competitive jobs. A portfolio can include academic work like research projects. Getting a research project published in a scholarly journal can also impress potential employers.

Some employers may require certification through organizations like theAmerican Academy of Forensic Psychology. These professionals must stay current on the latest advancements in the field to continue succeeding during the later stages of their careers. Joining a professional organization can keep forensic psychologists current on the latest advancements in the field.

The following section provides more information about forensic psychology professional organizations.

Skills

Good communication

The ability to convey complex ideas is extremely important for a forensic psychologist, as much of what they do is explain things to those who do not understand a particular psychological concept or theory.

Critical thinking

Forensic psychologists need to be able to asses a given situation or individual – examples include evaluating the recidivism risk of a sexual offender, determining competency of a witness or conducting research on human memory. A forensic psychologist must be capable of thinking outside the box and viewing issues from unusual angles and perspectives.

Strong research ability

Research skills are necessary whether a forensic psychologist conducts formal and experimental research or is crosschecking the formal conclusions of an opposing expert witness.

The ability to observe

Forensic psychologists must be able to take in information, process it, and then present it to the client, whether that client is a2022世界杯32强赛程表时间 , judge or panel of jurors. The better observation skills a forensic psychologist has, the better advice and conclusions they can provide

Tools and Technology

  • Personal computer
  • Statistical data software
  • DSM-5
  • Personality tests
  • Computer spreadsheet software
  • Medical software
  • Dictaphone
  • Electromyography

Credentials

State licensure

Technically speaking, state licensure is not required to become a forensic psychologist. However, it is recommended for several reasons. Some courts might deem an unlicensed psychologist as unsuitable to provide competency reports. State licensure can also enhance marketability. Each state will have its own requirements for licensure, but the major components include a doctorate degree, several years of relevant experience and passing of the Examination for Professional Practice of Psychology.

Certification

Certification is not an essential requirement for forensic psychologists, but it is very important to improve marketability, prove experience and boost credibility in the courtroom. Certifications vary based on the expertise of the forensic psychologist.

Forensic Psychologist Professional Organizations

Professional organizations help students and practitioners stay informed in the ever-changing field of forensic psychology. Most of these groups cost money to join, but members receive many benefits, including scholarships, continuing education courses, and networking events.

下面为在法医心理学领域工作或追求职业生涯的专业人士介绍五个组织。

American Academy of Forensic Psychology

The AAFS brings together professionals from multiple disciplines and includes a specific branch for forensic psychologists. The academy publishes a scholarly journal, and members can submit essays and research papers for consideration.

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

Simply put, judges oversee legal proceedings within a courtroom. Typically, they manage courtroom proceedings such as trials, arraignments, hearings and oral arguments. Forensic psychology training can be useful to any judge who is trying to determine credibility or how much of a danger to society an individual might be. Becoming a judge doesn't require a PhD or PsyD; most have a bachelor's and Juris Doctor.

American Psychological Association

The APA provides accreditation for psychology programs and welcomes psychology professionals as members. The association also offers discounts on liability insurance and public speaking training.

International Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology

The IACFP connects forensic psychologists worldwide. The association provides members with a monthly subscription to its scholarly journal and discounts on books, conferences, and events.

Society for Police and Criminal Psychology

Professionals who want to work for criminal investigations can join this society. Regular membership includes four print versions of the organization's journal per year. Students and professionals can select a discounted membership, which comes with digital access to these journals.

FAQ on Becoming a Forensic Psychology

What does a forensic psychologist do?

法医心理学家将他们在精神健康领域的专长贡献给刑事调查。他们还在审判中担任专家证人。

法医心理学家赚多少钱?

According to the BLS,psychologistsearned a median annual salary of $80,370 in 2019. Salaries can vary based on years of experience, employment setting, and geographical location.

How long does it take to be a forensic psychologist?

Most forensic psychology positions require a doctoral degree. Most professionals in this field spend four years on their bachelor's degree, two years on their master's degree, and four years on their doctorate.

What can I do with a BA in forensic psychology?

拥有学士学位的学习者可以继续他们的学习或获得法医心理学家助理的初级职位。

Resources for Forensic Psychologists

American Psychology-Law Society Book Series

想从专家的角度了解更多行业问题的法医心理学家可以阅读这些书,这些书由牛津大学出版社出版。专业人士也可以提交一份图书建议书供考虑。一些学院和大学在他们的课程中使用这些书。

Forensic Psychology Online Blog

This free resource features posts about topics like the distinction between forensic and therapeutic psychological evaluation and how childhood events impact psychology. Each post is a quick read that provides a high-level overview of these topics.

Graduate Programs in Psychology and Law

The American Psychology-Law Society also provides prospective learners with information about graduate programs in the field. Prospective students can read through a list of possible programs and find more information about each one.

List of Codes of Ethics and Regulations by Zur Institute

这个网站提供了一些心理学组织的道德规范和规则。这些准则可以帮助面临道德困境的专业人士。

See Also

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