How to Become a School Psychologist

LearnHowToBecome Team
Genevieve Carlton
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School psychologists help students overcome emotional, academic, and behavioral challenges. They connect students and families with support services and help educators build safe classrooms. A rewarding and fulfilling career path,school psychologistsalso earn above-average salaries, with a median income of nearly $77,000 per year.

Unlike many other psychology careers, school psychologists do not need a doctorate. However, they need a graduate degree to earn a state license to practice. States also require an extensive internship or practicum to gain hands-on training.

This page explains how to become a school psychologist, including the educational and internship requirements for school psychologist jobs. It also introduces salary and job growth data, common school psychology courses, and resources to help school psychology students enter the workforce.

What Does a School Psychologist Do?

Career Basics

School psychologists work with students, teachers, parents, and community mental health providers to address learning and behavioral problems. School psychologists may counsel at-risk students, train educators on how to create safe classroom environments, and teach parenting skills to students. School psychologists also conduct psychological evaluations and recommend programs to support struggling students.

Many school psychologists also conduct research into topics like behavior management, mental health interventions, and effective instruction. They apply research through evidence-based programs and policies. Most school psychologists work in a public school setting, where they coordinate with teachers, principals, and parents to support learners.

School Psychologist Salary & Job Growth

School psychologists benefit from above-average incomes and strong job growth. According to theBureau of Labor Statistics(BLS), school psychologists earned a median annual income of nearly $77,000 in 2019. The annual wage for the top 75% of earners exceeds $100,000 per year, while the bottom 25% of earners make around $58,000 per year.

学校心理学家的薪水根据教育程度、工作环境、经验和地点等因素而不同。例如,在K-12公立学校、门诊护理中心和医生办公室工作的学校心理学家的工资高于该行业的平均水平。In several states, including California, New Jersey, and Oregon, school psychologists earn an average salary of more than $90,000 per year

In addition to above-average salaries, school psychologists also benefit from strong job growth. The BLS projects much faster-than-average job growth forpsychologistsbetween 2018 and 2028.


Four Steps to Becoming a School Psychologist

Wondering how to become a school psychologist? The following steps outline the education and licensure requirements needed to work as a school psychologist.

Step 1
Complete a Degree
During a school psychology program, students take classes on topics like behavioral analysis, the psychology of learning, and research methods. Programs also incorporate internship or practicum requirements to give students hands-on experience in the field.
Step 2
Earn State Licensure
Step 3
Find a School Psychologist Position
After meeting education and licensure requirements, school psychologists can look for jobs in their field. Over80% of school psychologistswork in public school settings, but they may also work in private schools, universities, preschools, student wellness centers, and research settings.
School psychologists can begin looking for a job during their graduate program. Networking with professionals in the field and building connections during an internship can help school psychology students enter the workforce.
Step 4
Maintain Certification
Even after securing a job as a school psychologist, professionals must maintain their credentials and stay current in the field. Each state sets its own licensure renewal process. In some states, school psychologists must meet these requirements every 2-5 years to maintain their credentials. Other states do not set specific continuing education requirements but still require school psychologists to renew their credentials.

Preparing to Become a School Psychologist: Schools and Programs

Courses in School Psychology Programs

Many colleges and universities offer school psychology programs at the bachelor's and graduate levels. During a bachelor's degree in psychology, students learn foundational concepts and methods in the field while taking specialized courses in school psychology, the behavioral process of learning, and educational psychology.

At the graduate level, school psychologists can earn a master's degree, a specialist-level degree, or a doctoral degree. In many states, school psychologists must complete at least 60 graduate credits to earn licensure or certification.


Research Methods in School Psychology

Students explore the techniques and principles used in educational research. Students conduct research reviews and critique their methods while learning how to design their own research processes. The class prepares learners to write a thesis or research-based project as part of their degree.

Behavioral Assessment

School psychology students examine behavioral assessment methods to identify the causes of behavioral problems and create effective behavioral interventions. Coursework covers evidence-based behavioral assessment techniques, such as interviews, observations, and descriptive assessments. The class also introduces students to the process of designing and conducting behavioral assessments.

Instructional Intervention

This class covers systematic instruction methods, assessment procedures, and the role of psychologists in placing students into appropriate educational programs. Learners study the implementation process for intervening with learners. They also explore different methods to promote academic, communication, and social skills, such as direct instruction, incidental teaching, and task analysis.

Behavior Principles of Learning

In courses on the behavioral principles of learning, students examine research and scholarship on the psychological principles behind learning. Topics may include student motivation, the influence of schedules, and respondent conditioning. The class integrates concepts like behavior analysis into the assessment and intervention process for working with learners.

School Psychology Practicum

During a practicum, students complete supervised field experience under the guidance of a licensed school psychologist. They may shadow a school psychologist in an educational setting, work directly with students, or complete other activities to build the skills required for careers in school psychology.

Accreditation for a School Psychology Program

Prospective school psychologists should research a school's accreditation status before applying. Accreditation indicates that a school meets high standards with respect to factors like faculty qualifications, student learning outcomes, and academic rigor. Schools may receive regional or national accreditation, with regional accreditation generally considered the more prestigious of the two.

认证对学生有多方面的好处。例如,只有经过认证的学校的学生才有资格获得联邦财政援助,许多学校只接受经过认证的机构的学位和学分转移。Additionally, many professional licenses and certifications require an accredited degree.

学校内的课程也可以获得认证。TheNational Association of School Psychologists(NASP) grants accreditation to school psychology programs that meet high standards for educating students. Many states only certify or license school psychologists who attended a NASP-accredited program.

TheU.S. Department of Educationprovides a searchable database of accredited schools and programs.

School Psychologist Specialties

School psychology students can specialize their training by focusing on subfields, like research or practice. Many school psychology programs let graduate students focus on specific age groups, like early childhood or adolescence. While most school psychologists work in public schools, some also work in preschools or private school settings.

Accredited school psychology programs incorporate an internship, which offers students another opportunity to specialize their skills. By choosing the setting of their practicum, students can prepare for specific career paths after graduation. Pursuing a specialty can increase students' job opportunities after graduation.

Components of a Successful School Psychologist Career: Skills, Credentials, Tools, and Technology

Since school psychologists must interact with students, parents, educators, and administrators, they need exceptional interpersonal and communication abilities. They also need patience and empathy, particularly when working with struggling children.



School Psychologist Professional Organizations

Professional organizations help school psychologists transition from graduate school into the workforce. Many organizations provide professional development support and guidance for current and aspiring school psychologists. In addition, professional organizations offer networking opportunities, access to new research in the field, and career centers with job opportunities.

National Association of School Psychologists

NASP represents over 25,000 school psychologists, including graduate students. In addition to providing professional development resources, NASP publishes the School Psychology Review journal and provides targeted resources for graduate students and early-career professionals.

American Psychological Association

The largest professional organization for psychologists in the U.S., APA represents over 121,000 researchers, educators, and students. The association hosts an annual conference with networking opportunities, connects students to scholarship opportunities, and provides professional development resources. APA also publishes books, journals, and databases on psychology.

Division 16: School Psychology

The APA division devoted to school psychology, this organization brings together researchers and practitioners in the field. Members share professional practice resources and information on school psychology. Members also receive access to a scholarly journal and a quarterly newsletter to stay current in the field.

Association of Educational Therapists

The national professional association for educational therapists, AET dates back to 1979. Educational therapists offer personalized instruction and advocacy for children with learning problems. The association sets standards for the field and provides resources for professionals, including certification and training opportunities.

American School Counselor Association

ASCA connects professionals in the school counseling and mental health fields. The association offers an online professional networking site, an online resource center, and professional development opportunities. Other resources include surveys, lesson plans, and parent handouts. Members can attend free webinars to receive continuing education units and contact hours.

What exactly does a school psychologist do?

School psychologists help students overcome obstacles. They also support educators and parents to improve academic and social outcomes. Most school psychologists work in a school setting.

Is a school psychologist a licensed psychologist

All school psychologists need a license to practice. However, unlike most other psychologist jobs, many states do not require school psychologists to hold a doctorate.

How much does a school psychologist make?

School psychologists earn a median salary of about $77,000 per year, according to the BLS. However, salaries vary by factors like location, experience, and job setting.

Do school psychologists work in summer?


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Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics


While most school psychologists are employed in public education, a number of alternative career paths and similar occupations can be considered. These include clinical psychology, occupational psychology,social work以及其他与心理学相关的领域,以及心理学之外的角色。学生可以在教育领域寻找职位,如教学、咨询和学校管理,这些职位可能有自己的专业资格。下面的工具提供了这些领域和其他相关领域的薪水估计。

School Psychologist and Related Job Salaries

Related Careers at a Glance

Become Team
Genevieve Carlton
Contributing Writer

Latest Posts is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.